Saturday, February 16, 2013

Sędziszów Małopolski


Short history from the Wikipedia article:
In the 1930s, Sędziszów Małopolski became one of centers of the Central Industrial Region, and in 1937, a new factoryZakłady Przemysłowe Sędziszów Małopolski was opened. On September 8, 1939, the town was captured by the Wehrmacht. The Germans opened here a ghetto, in which in mid-1942 there were 1,500 local Jews. In July 1942, the Germans murdered 280 Jews at the ghetto, and the remaining population was transported to Belzec extermination camp, where they perished. Sędziszów Małopolski was an important center of the Home Army, whose units participated in Operation Tempest. The town was captured by the Soviets on August 4, 1944.

A translation by Google of a history from the town's website, http://www.sedziszow-mlp.pl/pl/0,24/24/:

A separate chapter in the history of the Jews of the city enrolled. Accounted for a significant proportion of the population - at the beginning of the twentieth century. There were over 53%. Lived in the very center of the city, the Market Square and the streets: A wide, Potter's, Short, Wyspiańskiego, May 3 to the bridge over Budziszu, Railway, Bakers. In the place where today stands the hospital, they had their temples and synagogues. Despite the distinct religious, linguistic, cultural, a commitment to the community with the Poles.When, in 1930. Census took place, the question of nationality replied: "Pole, the religion of Moses". Their world, for centuries alongside our existing Nazis in a few years razed. The final act of the tragedy of the Jews sędziszowskich played on July 24, 1942. Here's how recounts these events eyewitness: "... they set them before the town hall groups: one group they were men to 35 years, the other for over 35 years, a separate group of women. weak and sick loaded onto carts and they sent the streets: Short and Silent - there was a gate to the Jewish cemetery. A day earlier, dug a huge down at 200 - 300 people. There's one behind the other wagon drove up and they went like lambs to the slaughter. They saw everything, what happens to their predecessors. Brano such a "delinquent", bends his head, shot in the neck and thrown into the pit. Then the next batch of the same thing was happening, until all that dressed the. "In this way, killed about 280 people. Other Nazis sent by train to Belzec, where they were murdered. Thanks to the generosity of inhabitants Sędziszowa life saved approx. 30 Jewish people, with more than 1,000 living here before the war. 
August 4, 1944 r. to the Red Army entered the city. The retreating Germans blew up railway bridges, building stations, and other objects of strategic importance. During the occupation, damage has been approx. 70% of the buildings, including City Hall, the parish church, school, post office, theater room, a vicarage. Claimed the lives of 21 residents of Polish nationality, 9 died in prisons and camps, 10 were killed during the fighting in August 1944.

The Jewish cemetery is located in the southern part of the city. The entrance gate is situated at the crossroads of Szkarpowej and Kosciuszko. Sorry, did not survive the gravestones, which the Nazis used to cure the streets and squares. In the southern part of the cemetery are two stone monuments with inscriptions in Hebrew. There was also a mass grave residents Sędziszowa, Ropczyc and Wielopole Jewish, murdered 24 July 1942 year.


Gersher Galicia has a page for the town: http://www.geshergalicia.org/towns/sedziszow-malopolski/



Stanley Kreinik sent a video which was a copy of a film that was taken in Sędziszów Małopolski on January 14, 1935, by Sidney Herbst. There are clips posted at http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/search.aspx?query=Sedziszow.

JewishGen Kahilalinks has a webpage for Sedziszów Malopolski:
http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Kolbuszowa/Sedziszow/Sedziszow1.html Susana Leistner Bloch created the webpage as part of the Kolbuszowa Region research Group.

JewishGen Locality Page: http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~community~-527471

[ David J, Paul Tyson and Andrew Kreinik started a discussion of what happened to the pieces of gravestones that were used to pave the court in front of the Town Hall. They are probably crushed and not recoverable.]

Sidney Herbst is credited as the filmmaker of the video below. [Note: I talked to Noel Herbst in 2013. He found his father's film in the basement and made it available. Thanks, Noel.]
About the Herbst name: Tante Feige Herbst was married to Marcus Herbst, so I bet that these are the same families. Several Herbsts were guests at my great-grandparents, S Josef Kreinik and Fannie Krantz Kreinik's 50th wedding anniversary. "Mr. and Mrs. Marcus Herbst, Mr. Joel Herbst, Mr. Pincus Herbst,..."

One sequence in the film is labeled "Kreinick Family Residence" and there is a shot of a building and this family standing in front. Can we identify these people?
Andrew thinks the woman is Frimet:
The child might have been born around 1930 or '31.
There is an index of people registered in Sedziszow at the USHMM. Link and Here.
There is a description of the film project below.
=================
Kreiniks who might be in this frame.
Adults left to right: Majer, Frimet, Tuyve, Herschel.
Children:

The woman does not look old enough to be Fremet. The two young boys could be Jack Gleicher and Marcus Kreinik. Stanley Kreinik says, "Herschel Kreinik was my fathers' brother and Tuyva's son -- not Solomon. The picture is Tuyva and Frimet and Herschal Standing behind his parents, and I think Meyer Kreinig, from France. Both he and my father (Walter) were visiting their home town in 1936[5] when this picture was taken."


Here is a copy of the video on YouTube. The cover shot is of the Kreiniks. 

Here is a formal portrait of Tuyve and his family. Thanks to Stanley Kreinik for the image.


Mirel KREINIKFrimet NEPPEL FEILERMajer KreinigShmiel KreinikTuyve Tobias KreinikPinia Pinya KREINIK

From the Sędziszów Małopolski website: "As with other cities, accurate data on Kawęczynie provides census of 1933, the village was then 142 buildings, of which only one was a brick. 102 houses had only one room, 122 hid thatch, in 105 there was no floor. Population was 864 people."

Stanley Kreinik visited Sędziszów in 2004, and reported that there was still no running water. Maybe the pump you see in the film was still in use.

More Photos from JewishGen. YIVO link: http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/search.aspx?query=Sedziszow

I am pretty sure that Sędziszów we are talking about is Sędziszów Małopolski, because it is only 16-18 kilometers from Zgłobień where my grandmother Leah Kreinik Jacobowitz was born:

View Larger Map
Zgłobień is only a few kilometers from Rzeszow:
"The city of Rzeszow, known to its Jewish population as "Reishe".
My grandmother also refers to it that way in her memoir:
"We went to the big town at intervals by horse and wagon to sell our dairy produce – a big city called Rzeszow, which, in the way of Jewish folk with all names, they pronounced “Reishe.” 

[There is a description of Rzeszow at the Holocaust Ghettos Research Project Rzezsow. On that page we read, "By June 1940, the number of Jews in Rzeszow had decreased to 11,800, of whom 7,800 were pre-war residents of the city. At the same time, the number of Jews in the towns and villages of the Rzeszow region were (with the number of refugees in brackets):

Blazowa – 931 (139), Czudec 428 (33), Glogow M. – 806 (87), Kolbuszowa – 1,427 (700), Lancut – 900 (502), Niebylec – 570 (20), Ranizow – 620 (63), Sedziszow – 110 (81), Sokolow M. – 1,700 (186), Strzyzow – 1,238 (174), Tyczyn – 500 (140), Zolynia – 700 (103), Lezajsk – (500)."]


So Sedziszow Malapolski is near enough to Rzeszow to conveniently bring their Jews, for Leah to visit from Zgłobień when Uncle Aaron married Tante Gittel in 1899, and for Leah to go to Reishe on market day and to see the Good Kaiser Franz Josef once when he passed through.



WWII Monument
Recent: Stanley Kreinik visited in 2004.


The Jewish Cemetery in 2004:
(Stanley Kreinik visited in 2004. The cemetery is not well-maintained.)
This is Pani Plata's daughter Malina with Stanley. I asked Andrew [Aug 27, 2013] if it was Pani Plata herself: "No.  That is probably her daughter.  When I met her, she had bright red hair so I don't recognize the grey.  When I met with Pani Plata-Urbanska, her daughter sat in the room quietly as her mother told stories and sobbed.  When she was a baby, her mother was caught in German crossfire while carrying her and while holding her, her mother had to crawl to safety before finding a chance to get home.
Pani Plata-Urbanska and her daughter were the few remaining natives of Sedziszow by war's end.  80% of the population had been deported or killed during the war.  The Russians deported Poles from eastern Poland to towns like Sedziszow to repopulate them and to remove Poles from the eastern frontier so that the Soviets could annex it."

This is what Google Maps shows as a satellite image of the Jewish Cemetery (Cmentarz_Żydowski) today:

View Larger Map


For Stanley Kreinik's materials and more about the Jewish Cemetery, look at this LINK.
TODAY
Look at the building in the Herbst video (above) at 1:30 and compare it with this image from the cam of the Market.

From the Sedziszow Web Site, http://www.sedziszow-mlp.pl/pl/0,25/25/
"The Town Hall was built in the seventeenth century, in the nineteenth century, it was rebuilt. It is a building storeys, cellar, built on a rectangular plan. It is located in the middle of a large, rectangular market. The front facade is distinctive, northern, dominated by the tower, separated from the walls of the building two pilaster strips.Above the entrance bears the coat of arms of the city - Odrowąż above - two Gothic arched windows, covered arcade (the effect of the reconstruction of the nineteenth century).The upper part of the tower has a square shape with bevelled corners. Is covered with a high, pitched roof with dormers, from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, while the body of the building is hidden roof. The interior layout is trójtraktowy. In the basement and on the ground floor have been preserved barrel vaults. There is reason to believe that the Town Hall is a multi-level basement and connect with others, which are under houses, standing in the market."
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:POL_S%C4%99dzisz%C3%B3w_Ma%C5%82opolski_-_Town_Hall.JPG

Thanks to Ida Friedlander, Marcus Kreinik's daughter, for the images below.

Post Card
Church
Modern Road Sign
 Downtown
Rail Station
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The 1929 business directory shows a T Kreinik under Krasecy (tailleurs) near the bottom of the page http://data.jewishgen.org/jri-pl/1929/loadtop.htm?0458




Friday, February 1, 2013

Josef and Fanny Kreinik's 50th Anniversary


Geni Timeline  November 11, 1930


Leah Kreinik Jacobowitz, As I Remember, 1962, p. 69.
"One notable event was their 50th wedding anniversary. We inveigled them to come to New York on some trumped up excuse, the family loaded up in Pop's and Morris Blatt's car, and when we arrived in the Hall, they had an overwhelming surprise. Uncle Aaron and Tante Gittel came from Buffalo, Uncle Zalmon and his wife all the nieces and nephews, cousins, and of course our children, including Louis who was then engaged to Ruth. Mother cried, Father was shaken, and all he could think of to say was: "at least you could have told me to change my pants." There was a "ceremony", the oldest grandchildren escorting the bride and groom, after dinner speeches, and a song by Billy which he asked to do: "Shomer Shabbos" in Hebrew....."
==== Newspaper Account =======
Married Fifty Years  
(David's interpretation of this article from the Jersey Journal)


A golden wedding anniversary surprise party was given to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Kreinik of Brighton Beach, N.Y., on Sunday, Nov. 11, 1930, by their children, Mr. and Mrs. Elias Jacobowitz of Jersey City, Mr. and Mrs. Irving Kreinick of Brockton, Mass., Mr. and Mrs. [Nettie] Morris Blatt, Mr. and Mrs: [Mae] Aaron [Artie] Pepis, Mr. and Mrs. [Celia] George [Isadore] Rauschkolb, Miss Rebekah [Ruth?] Kreinik and Miss Anna Kreinik [Tianna]. The party was held at 17 West Twenty-fourth Street, New York City.

The couple were led into the hall, with the expectation of viewing the place in order to take it themselves for a later date. There were seventy guests present, relatives and friends, who gave them a warm welcome.

There were tears of joy in the eyes of many as the seventy-year-old bride and seventy-two-year old bridegroom were led under the canopy by their grandchildren, Ruth S. Jacobowitz of Jersey City and Horace C. Kreinick of Brockton, Mass. Dr. Kuperstein of Brighton Beach performed the little ceremony and made a touching address.

Many gifts in gold were presented to the couple, but the crowning event of the dinner which followed was the presentation by their children of a return passage to Europe. Mr. and Mrs. Kreinik will visit their birthplace in Austria [Zglobien or Sędziszów Poland?], as well as other countries, some time in the Spring.

Among the guests, besides the immediate family, were: Mr. and Mrs. Zalmon Kreinik, Mr. Aaron Kreinik of Buffalo, N.Y., Mr. and Mrs [Jennie]. Jacob Krantz, Mr. and Mrs. [Feiga]  Marcus Herbst, Mr. Joel Herbst, Mr. Pincus Herbst, Mr. and Mrs. Max Krantz, Mr. Julius Krantz, Mr. Howard Krantz, Mr. and Mrs. [Sarah] Joseph Kreinik of New York City, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Krantz, Mr. Louis P. Brenner of Jersey City, Mr. and Mrs [Helen Kreinik]. Pincus Wright, Mr. and Mrs. H. Shattner, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Metcuff, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Messinger, Mr. and Mrs. B. Furman, Mr. and Mrs B. Rauch, Mr. Tobias Weichselbaum, Miss Anna Weichselbaum, Mrs. Rae Blum of Belmar, N.J., Mrs. Celia Kreinick, Miss Sara Kreinik, Mr. and Mrs. C. Zweifach, Mr. J. Pepis, Miss Anna Bachner. The grandchildren, all of whom were present, are, Ruth S., Miriam R., Eugene, Norman, Paula Zelda and Wilfred Jacobowitz of Jersey City; Horace Carlin, Florence, Sylvia, Ruth and Eugene Kreinick of Brockton, Mass.; Shirley Jane Rauschkolb, Morton Saul Blatt, Ralph Carl Pepis, Natalie Harriet Pepis and Saul David Pepis.
==========
====  notes on Joseph  and other Kreinik/Kreinicks ======

This Joseph Kreinik (third) was not present, he died in 1904, but may be Sarah’s parent.
She went to live with Yussel Flum.
Joseph Kreinik is S Josef Kreinik's first cousin
Joseph (Ida's) Kreinik is S Josef Kreinik's first cousin's wife's nephew.